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      1. 太極拳源
        溫縣黨政門戶網站www.hawk-lab.com 發布日期:2015-05-21 10:02 責任編輯:admin


        ??? 太極拳是東方文化的瑰寶,是中華武苑中一枝奇葩。經數百年傳承,代有名家,特別是陳、楊、吳、孫、武、和諸多太極拳流派的形成,使得太極拳這枝奇葩異彩繽紛,絢麗多姿,碩果累累。然追溯其源,各派皆源于陳氏太極拳,而陳氏太極拳則發源于溫縣陳家溝。
        ??? 陳家溝位于溫縣城東5公里的清風嶺上,它南臨黃河,與古軍事要塞虎牢關、伏羲畫卦臺、河洛文化遺址隔河相望;西北四十公里處的二仙廟以及縣域內的卜商墓、慈勝寺、司馬懿故里、邢邱遺址等古跡,使整個村莊處于濃厚的中華古老文化的氛圍之中。
        ??? 太極拳是由明末清初溫縣陳家溝陳氏第九世人陳王廷(1600—1680)依據祖傳拳術,博采眾家之長,匯集《易經》太極陰陽之理、中醫經絡學說和道家導引吐納、養生功法而創編,薈萃了中華傳統武術、醫學、哲學、兵學、美學、運動學諸多優秀文化精華,融技擊、健身和養生功能于一體,以內外兼修、剛柔相濟在武林獨樹一幟,以老少咸宜、延年益壽而備受推崇。300余年來,經過陳家溝陳氏族人和各地太極拳愛好者的傳承與發展,太極拳已在世界150多個國家或地區廣為傳播,習練者達2億之多。在1990年北京亞運會和2008年北京奧運會開幕式上,兩千多名太極拳選手行云流水的表演震撼了世界,目前太極拳已成為世界性語言,是21世紀人們最喜愛的健身運動項目之一。
        ??? 2006年,陳氏太極拳被列入首批國家級非物質文化遺產名錄;2007年,溫縣被中國武協、民協正式命名為“中國武術太極拳發源地”、“中國太極拳發源地”和“中國太極拳文化研究基地”;2010年,溫縣被世界華僑華人社團、中華文化促進會、國際休閑經濟促進會聯合授予“中國十大文化休閑旅游縣”榮譽稱號。


        ??? Tai Chi which is the treasure of oriental culture and the miracle of Chinese Kungfu, has been inherited and developed for hundreds of years during which masters have been arising from generation to generation. The development of Tai Chi has realized magnificent and fruitful achievements, especially contributed by the formation of Chen, Yang, Wu, Sun, and many other schools of Tai Chi. To go after the source, however, all the schools of Tai Chi originated from Chen's family, which at the very beginning rose from Chenjiagou in Wen County.
        ??? Chenjiagou, located on the Breeze Ridge five kilometers east of Wen County, was named Chang Yang Village in ancient times. It lies on north of the Yellow River, across which lies the ancient fort—Hulao Barrier, the Platform of Fuxi Drawing the Diagrams and He-Luo Cultural Relics. On forty kilometers northwest of the village lies the Erxian Temple, and in the county the Tomb of Bushang, the Tsisheng Temple, the Hometown of Sima Yi, the Xingqiu Relics, and so on. All the historical sites have endowed the village of Chenjiagou with a rich atmosphere of Chinese ancient culture.
        ??? Tai Chi was created during the transitional period of Ming and Qing Dynasty by Chen Wangting, who was the ninth generation successor of Chen's family of Chenjiagou, Wen County. He initiated Tai Chi on the base of the ancestral martial arts of his family by absorbing merits of others' and integrating the principle of Tai Chi and Yin Yang in Yi Jing, the meridians and collaterals theory of Tradition Chinese Medicine, and the principle of guided breathing and health exercise of Taoism. Tai Chi displays the essences of traditional martial arts, medicine, philosophy, military studies, aesthetics and sports. It aims to help with competing, body shaping and health keeping. Tai Chi, outshining others in martial art, is popular with both the aged and the young. Over 300 years, inherited and developed by the Chen's clansman of Chenjiagou and the enthusiasts from various regions, Tai Chi has been spread to over 150 countries and areas all over the world and developed over 200 million practitioners. On the opening ceremonies of 1990 Beijing Asian Games and 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, the performance of over 2000 selected Tai Chi players, as beautiful as the floating clouds and the flowing water, impressed the whole world. Today, as a universal language, Tai Chi has become one of the favorite fitness sports of people in the 21st century.?
        ????In 2006, the Chen's Tai Chi was enrolled in the first batch of National Intangible Cultural Heritage list. In 2007, Wen County was officially named as "the Birthplace of Chinese martial art Tai Chi", "the Birthplace of Tai Chi", and "the Research Base of Chinese Tai Chi Culture" by Chinese martial arts Association and People's Association. In 2010, Wen County was granted the title of honor as Ten Chinese culture and leisure tourism County by the World Overseas Chinese Community, Chinese Culture Promotion Association and International Leisure Economy Promotion Association.