Chenjiagou, Wen County, Jiaozuo, City is the birthplace of Tai Chi, the most distinguished Chinese traditional cultural element.
Perfectly combined with Chinese dialectical theoretical thinking, martial arts, art, Daoyin (breathing exercises) and traditional Chinese medicine, Tai Chi absorbs TaiChi, Yin Yang from traditional Confucianism and Taoism. It is thus good for people to nature one’s temperament, physical fitness and improve one’s attacking and defending skills. It is a high-level culture about human body in some sense. Characterized by Oriental magnanimous personality, Tai Chi helps practice one’s will, breath, look and spirit, satisfying people’s physical and psychological needs. Moreover, it is also critical for one’s physical and mental health and harmonious coexistence of the society as a whole. Tai Chi, the Intangible Cultural Form taking sports as the main external manifestation and carrier, fully embodies human’s objective cognition towards nature and scientific practice.
In mid-17th century, Chen Wangting borrowed the essence of various martial arts, combined the ideas of The Book of Changes and Chinese traditional medicine to create a new boxing based on boxing coming from his own family. It was named Tai Chi.
For generations after generations, Tai Chi was practised in Chenjiagou only. However, since from the 14th Tai Chi master Chen Changxing, it became known more by the outside world. Gradually it was developed with more styles, such as Yang Style, Wu Style, He Style, Wu Style, Sun Style.
The concept of Tai Chi is one of the most unique and representative traditional Chinese philosophy. Based on the concept of Tai Chi Yin Yang, Tai Chi could control one’s body with will. Practitioners repeatedly get themselves physically relaxed, regulate their breathing with will, shape their looks through breathing, immersing in a exclusive world. In this way, one’s temperament, mental state physical fitness, longevity could benefit a lot.
Special Tai Chi style of impliciting, overcoming hardness with softness, natural and smooth is the highest level of state that the views of practitioners in idea, breath, shape and spirit are gradually mixed together. The martial arts and moral requirements could also allow practitioners to enhance their physical fitness, improve their cultured mind, promote harmonious existence between people and nature, people and society as well.
Tai chi basically includes Tai Chi theory to maintain health, various Tai Chi styles, Tai Chi weapon routines, Pushing Hands and auxiliary training methods. Tai chi chuan can be subdivided into Old Frame Routine One and Two, Small Frame Routine One and Two. Tai chi weapons includes single knife, double knife, single sword, double sword, single mace, double mace, spear, large pole, the spring and autumn Broadsword.
The treasure of Chinese martial arts Tai Chi has received worldwide popularity. Since 1980s, governments at all levels and general public have gradually enhanced their awareness to treat Tai Chi as an ancient cultural treasure, and governments at all levels have also formulated legislative measures for its better protection. As the birthplace of Tai Chi, Chenjiagou has successively held International Tai Chi Exchange Conference for 11 years. Tai chi successors and folk heritage organizations also increased further promotion efforts. Eventually Tai Chi was found on the list of the first batch of National Intangible Cultural Heritage by Chinese government in May 2006.
Tai Chi gradually served as the cultural tie, connecting different races, nationalities, languages and counties throughout the world. Since it has regarded as an important carrier of Chinese culture, People's Government of Wen County cooperated with a top design company at home to cultivate Chenjiagou as a first-class cultural tourism zone. In accordance with five designed major functions of Tai chi inheritance, Tai chi promotion, health maintainance, Kung Fu and Tai chi-related industry, Chenjiagou World Tai Chi Cultural Center includes Tai Chi Chuan show area, teaching and training area, leisure and vacation area, cultural products area and research area. The aim is to make Chenjiagou as a wonderland for Tai Chi cultural. Several units such as Henan Cultural Investment Group have lived in Wen County to make this dream come true.